The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

去年他在一次采访中表示,“除了其他人”,他还会把他的财产赠予邱佩特。

佛山建筑陶瓷屡遭仿冒 山寨多难以取证

荷兰合作银行是面向全球农户和农业企业的领先融资机构。
对欧洲的新投资比2014年的180亿美元高出28%,相比之下,2014年投资额较2013年翻了一倍。对美国的投资比2014年的128亿美元高出17%。
No wonder that banks have begun to get creative.
3. Kate Upton

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 杭州28岁房产销售患上消夜综合征 导致多种疾病 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

家具行业产能过剩日益突出 转型升级是关键

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

另一方面,2月PPI同比下降4.9%,低于1月5.3%的同比降幅。2月PPI降幅为8个月以来最低降幅。
Low inflation reflects weakening demand and doesn't inspire confidence about the economic shift from manufacturing to consumption, yet at the same time it should allow Beijing to enact stimulus should it seek to support the economy further .
据《21世纪经济报道》称,广东去年的GDP增速为7.5%。
还有些电视剧不如人们最初预料的好,不过仍有吸引力,最显眼的是映时频道的《婚外恋》,它一开始看起来像汉普顿斯式黑色电影,后来变成了法国艺术电影。剧中的罪行与过于缓慢的节奏以及《罗生门》(Rashomon)式的讲述方式不太相称,不过该剧在最后几集势头大涨,悬念丛生。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

或许你在与你不赞同的决定的争论中表现得更加勇敢,福斯说“任何偏离你常有表现或者你一笑而过的态度的行为,”她说到。
在被问及欧洲央行会不会采取更多行动时,朗伯德街研究(Lombard Street Research)首席欧洲经济学家达里奥·铂金斯(Dario Perkins)表示:“我不这么认为——除非全球整体经济出了问题。”
有时候,人们误以为这种冷静是缺乏紧迫感,而在瞬息万变的科技业,紧迫感至关重要。许多人对于Apple Watch今年还未上市感到失望。但分析师表示,苹果的风格就是一定要等到产品至臻完美,这常常会带来更强劲的长期业绩。三星(Samsung)的智能手表已推出第六代,但至今没有真正大火起来,其今年的智能手机销量也大幅下挫。

二三线城市有望成家具市场新增长点

今年的全球女性权势榜中,有9位国家元首,她们治理的国家总GDP达到了11.8万亿美元——其中包括排名第一的权势女性、德国总理安吉拉·默克尔。还有24位公司的首席执行官,她们掌管的公司年营收总计8,930亿美元,另外16位女性创立了自己的公司,包括三位新晋亿万富豪中的两位:托里·伯奇和Spanx公司的萨拉·布雷克里。说起来,今年的榜单上有14位亿万富豪,她们的身家超过了820亿美元。
当然,这得取决于苹果是否能设法用更便宜的零部件、更慢的处理器、分辨率更低的屏幕、以及也许是塑料机身来造出一部330美元的iPhone。而用蒂姆?库克上周在高盛公司(Goldman Sachs)一次会议上的话说,它决不能是个“低劣产品”。

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 行业竞争白热化 浴室柜企业何去何从 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

尽管中国的私人财富大幅增长,但中国的亿万富豪仍未跻身全球顶级富豪行列。胡润估计,中国首富、万达集团(Wanda Group)掌门人王健林在全球富豪中排名第26位。
Popular songs from 2012:”Di Da” (Kan Kan and Li Chen) and “You Exist In My Song”(Qu Wanting and Du Chun)
6. 查理兹-塞隆 1650万美元
自从美国的民权运动以及欧洲敞开国界以来,多元文化主义已经兴盛数十载,这些问题似乎是一种突然的逆转。

山西:长治整治“小产权房” 将严肃问责

E.E.卡明斯有句话说得很有道理,“除了你自己,不要成为任何人,在这个竭尽全力、不分日夜想把你变成别人的世界里,这样做意味着迎接人类最艰苦的战斗;永不停息,战斗到底。”
答:AZ里面的角色不是我创作的。在最初版本出来之前,我给故事写了大纲。但伊奈帆这个角色最后呈现出来的,其实和我写的不大一样。我和这个角色之间没什么联系,所以说这个人物算是例外吧。
“这可以归结为3个问题:怎样推动平台不断升级,怎样继续强化团队,怎样打造与合作伙伴的一系列联盟,以加速自身成长?”凯斯表示。
格温o史蒂芬尼的广告在好几个应用上同时推出,其中就有总部位于硅谷的短信应用Tango。Tango主要通过用户收件箱里的广告赚钱,但它已采用了Swyft的平台,该公司广告和平台副总裁理查德o拉百特表示,这类广告非常契合人们使用Tango的方式。一年前,Tango决定不再卖贴纸了,因为向用户要钱总会带来很多摩擦。拉百特称:“在人们沟通过程中放上一道‘留下买路钱’的大门绝不是我们希望带给用户的体验。”所以,就由Swyft来提供这种广告吧。
不过流行音乐更为广阔的世界也为我们带来了诸多乐趣,这些乐趣来自各个音乐领域的艺术家,例如像金发女郎乐队和托丽·阿莫斯这样的二十世纪的传奇人物,以及像杜阿·里帕和“Girl Ray”(女子射线)组合这样的新秀。
两名美国人因研究医生与医院、学生与学校和人体器官与被移植者之间的有效匹配,昨天被授予诺贝尔经济学奖。
Japan, ranked No. 5 overall, is the top performing Asian country. It ranks No. 5 in Movers and No. 1 as the most forward-looking country.
Harvard University topped the rankings for the 16th consecutive year, and Stanford University and University of Cambridge remained in second and third place, respectively.
The truth is, to shut our door to the outside world would not help China do its own things well, so China will continue to open to the outside world, with this opening-up being a gradual process.

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

These are the major winners of the 68th annual Primetime Emmy Awards. Additional winners are listed at emmys.com.
一名校友表示:我们被迫远离了安逸,但获得了独特的体验。
报告称,毕业生期望就业的三大行业依次为IT/互联网/通讯/电子、金融/银行/投资/基金/证券/保险、政府/公共事业/非盈利机构。
Third, McDermott provides some protection against the possibility of Andre Roberson departing as a free agent in the summer.
清华大学在计算机科学和工程学两个学科中排名居首。这所中国院校今年取代了麻省理工学院,成为计算机科学最强学府。

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

卷铺走人的时候

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

The Lord of the Rings trilogy. The amount of time before I need an oil change. My cell phone's battery charge. What do all of these things have in common? The
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Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

其他的欧洲国家生活成本在增长,排名有进步。伦敦上升了5个名次,并且进入前十。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)